Lagos is the third worst city to live in the world, according to the newly released ranking of the 2018 Global Liveability Index.
The 2018 Global Liveability Index, released by The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) and World Bank, ranked 140 cities of which Lagos came in at 138. The only cities which were scored lower than Lagos on the ranking are Syria and Bangladesh.
The ranking is based on five parameters: Political and Social Stability, Education, Culture, Environment, Infrastructure and Access to Healthcare.
Vienna, the Austrian capital, was ranked the most liveable city in the world. Melbourne came in second place after reigning as number 1 for seven years. Japan's Osaka came in at third place.
The EIU's annual ranking report summary says: "Every city is assigned a rating of relative comfort for over 30 qualitative and quantitative factors across five broad categories: stability, healthcare, culture and environment, education, and infrastructure.
"Each factor in a city is rated as acceptable, tolerable, uncomfortable, undesirable or intolerable. For qualitative indicators, a rating is awarded based on the judgment of in-house analysts and in-city contributors."
In the Stability category, the following were considered: prevalence of petty crime, the prevalence of violent crime, the threat of terror, threat of military conflict and the threat of civil unrest.
For Health rating, the following were considered: availability of private healthcare, quality of private healthcare, availability of public healthcare, quality of public healthcare and availability of over-the-counter drugs.
Humidity/temperature rating, discomfort of climate to travellers, level of corruption, social or religious restrictions, level of censorship, sporting availability, cultural availability, food & drink and consumer goods & services were considered for the Culture and Environment rating.
Availability of private education, quality of private education, public education indicators were used for the Education rating.
For Infrastructure, the quality of road network, quality of public transport, quality of international links, availability of good quality housing, quality of energy provision, quality of water provision and quality of telecommunications were considered.